Library Articles


Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (also spelled ROENTGEN) was German physicist who was a recipient of the first... More >>


Wilbur and Orville Wright were American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who achieved the ... More >>


Thomas Alva Edison was the quintessential American inventor. He invented the phonograph, the carbon-... More >>


Stephanie Louise Kwolek’s research with high performance chemical compounds for the DuPont Company l... More >>


Isaac Newton's life can be divided into three quite distinct periods. The first is his boyhood days ... More >>


Samuel Colt was an American firearms manufacturer who popularized the revolver. More >>


Sadi Carnot (NICOLAS-LÉONARD-SADI CARNOT) was a French scientist who described the Carnot ... More >>


Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German thermal engineer who invented the internal-combustion engi... More >>


Richard Phillips Feynman developed a new approach to quantum mechanics using the principle of least ... More >>


René Descartes was a philosopher whose work, La géométrie, includes his application of algebra to ge... More >>


In November of 1999 Randice-Lisa "Randi" Altschul was issued a series of patents for the world's fir... More >>


Pythagoras of Samos is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important... More >>


Pierre-Simon Laplace's father, Pierre Laplace, was comfortably well off in the cider trade. Laplace'... More >>


Pierre de Fermat's father was a wealthy leather merchant and second consul of Beaumont- de- Lomagne.... More >>


Patsy Sherman was an essential part of the introduction of 3M’s first stain repellent and soil relea... More >>


Patricia Billings received a patent in 1997 for a fire resistant building material called Geobond. More >>


Nikolaus August Otto was a German engineer who developed the four-stroke internal-combustion engine,... More >>


Nicolaus Copernicus came from a middle class background and received a good standard humanist educat... More >>


Michael Faraday was an English physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to t... More >>


The major scientific shortcoming of the Industrial Revolution that transformed the U.S. in the years... More >>


Widowed at the age of 21, Martha Coston of Philadelphia (born 1826) met the challenge of providing f... More >>


Maria Sklodowska (Marie Curie) was born  on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. She would becom... More >>


Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps best known as an artist.  His name inevitably brings forth images ... More >>


Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was a Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics ... More >>


Karl Friedrich Benz was a German mechanical engineer who designed and in 1885 built the world's firs... More >>


At the age of seven, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss started elementary school. His teacher, was amazed ... More >>


Henry Cavendish, eldest son of Lord Cavendish, attended Cambridge University for three years, but bu... More >>


Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian physicist and inventor of a successful system of radio telegraphy (... More >>


Georgius Agricola was born of obscure parentage. From 1514 to 1518 he studied classics, philosophy, ... More >>


Grace Hopper (1906-1992) was one of the first programmers to transform large digital computers from ... More >>


George Simon Ohm was a German physicist who discovered the law, named after him, which states that t... More >>


Galileo Galilei studied medicine at the university of Pisa, but his real interests were always in ma... More >>


Euclid of Alexandria is the most prominent mathematician of antiquity best known for his treatise on... More >>


Ellen Ochoa’s pre-doctoral work at Stanford University in electrical engineering led to the developm... More >>


Edith Marie Flanigen, born in Buffalo, New York (1929), and recently retired (1994), is one of the m... More >>


Daniel Bernoulli was the son of Johann Bernoulli. He was born in Groningen while his father held the... More >>


Charles Goodyear was the American inventor of the vulcanization process that made possible the ... More >>


The construction of modern computers, logically similar to Charles Babbage's design, have changed th... More >>


Blaise Pascal's father had unorthodox educational views and decided to teach his son himself. Etienn... More >>


Bette Nesmith Graham was an artist and use to handling paints and inks. She used her own kitchen ble... More >>


Benoit Mandelbrot was largely responsible for the present interest in fractal geometry. He showed ho... More >>


Benjamin Franklin (Pseudonym RICHARD SAUNDERS) was an American printer and publisher, author, invent... More >>


Archimedes was a native of Syracuse, Sicily. It is reported by some authors that he visited Egypt an... More >>


Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-born American audiologist best known as the inventor of the tel... More >>


Around 1886 Albert Einstein began his school career in Munich. As well as his violin lessons, which ... More >>