Library Articles


Biographies

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (also spelled ROENTGEN) was German physicist who was a recipient of the first...
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Wilbur and Orville Wright
Wilbur and Orville Wright were American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who achieved the ...
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Thomas Alva Edison
Thomas Alva Edison was the quintessential American inventor. He invented the phonograph, the carbon-...
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Stephanie Louise Kwolek
Stephanie Louise Kwolek’s research with high performance chemical compounds for the DuPont Company l...
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Sir Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton's life can be divided into three quite distinct periods. The first is his boyhood days ...
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Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt was an American firearms manufacturer who popularized the revolver.
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Sadi Carnot
Sadi Carnot (NICOLAS-LÉONARD-SADI CARNOT) was a French scientist who described the Carnot ...
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Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German thermal engineer who invented the internal-combustion engi...
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Richard Phillips Feynman
Richard Phillips Feynman developed a new approach to quantum mechanics using the principle of least ...
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René Descartes
René Descartes was a philosopher whose work, La géométrie, includes his application of algebra to ge...
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Randi Altschul
In November of 1999 Randice-Lisa "Randi" Altschul was issued a series of patents for the world's fir...
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Pythagoras of Samos
Pythagoras of Samos is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important...
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Pierre-Simon Laplace
Pierre-Simon Laplace's father, Pierre Laplace, was comfortably well off in the cider trade. Laplace'...
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Pierre de Fermat
Pierre de Fermat's father was a wealthy leather merchant and second consul of Beaumont- de- Lomagne....
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Patsy Sherman
Patsy Sherman was an essential part of the introduction of 3M’s first stain repellent and soil relea...
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Patricia Billings
Patricia Billings received a patent in 1997 for a fire resistant building material called Geobond.
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Nikolaus August Otto
Nikolaus August Otto was a German engineer who developed the four-stroke internal-combustion engine,...
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Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus came from a middle class background and received a good standard humanist educat...
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Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday was an English physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to t...
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Mary Walton
The major scientific shortcoming of the Industrial Revolution that transformed the U.S. in the years...
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Martha Coston
Widowed at the age of 21, Martha Coston of Philadelphia (born 1826) met the challenge of providing f...
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Maria Sklodowska (Marie Curie)
Maria Sklodowska (Marie Curie) was born  on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. She would becom...
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Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps best known as an artist.  His name inevitably brings forth images ...
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Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was a Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics ...
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Karl Friedrich Benz
Karl Friedrich Benz was a German mechanical engineer who designed and in 1885 built the world's firs...
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Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
At the age of seven, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss started elementary school. His teacher, was amazed ...
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Henry Cavendish
Henry Cavendish, eldest son of Lord Cavendish, attended Cambridge University for three years, but bu...
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Guglielmo Marconi
Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian physicist and inventor of a successful system of radio telegraphy (...
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Georgius Agricola
Georgius Agricola was born of obscure parentage. From 1514 to 1518 he studied classics, philosophy, ...
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Grace Hopper
Grace Hopper (1906-1992) was one of the first programmers to transform large digital computers from ...
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George Simon Ohm
George Simon Ohm was a German physicist who discovered the law, named after him, which states that t...
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Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei studied medicine at the university of Pisa, but his real interests were always in ma...
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Euclid of Alexandria
Euclid of Alexandria is the most prominent mathematician of antiquity best known for his treatise on...
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Ellen Ochoa
Ellen Ochoa’s pre-doctoral work at Stanford University in electrical engineering led to the developm...
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Edith Flanigen
Edith Marie Flanigen, born in Buffalo, New York (1929), and recently retired (1994), is one of the m...
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Daniel Bernoulli
Daniel Bernoulli was the son of Johann Bernoulli. He was born in Groningen while his father held the...
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Charles Goodyear
Charles Goodyear was the American inventor of the vulcanization process that made possible the ...
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Charles Babbage
The construction of modern computers, logically similar to Charles Babbage's design, have changed th...
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Blaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal's father had unorthodox educational views and decided to teach his son himself. Etienn...
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Bette Nesmith Graham
Bette Nesmith Graham was an artist and use to handling paints and inks. She used her own kitchen ble...
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Benoit Mandelbrot
Benoit Mandelbrot was largely responsible for the present interest in fractal geometry. He showed ho...
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Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin (Pseudonym RICHARD SAUNDERS) was an American printer and publisher, author, invent...
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Archimedes of Syracuse
Archimedes was a native of Syracuse, Sicily. It is reported by some authors that he visited Egypt an...
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Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-born American audiologist best known as the inventor of the tel...
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Albert Einstein
Around 1886 Albert Einstein began his school career in Munich. As well as his violin lessons, which ...
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