Smartfoam Helmets Measure Impacts in Real Time
The Engineer posted on September 25, 2017 |
The smartfoam is designed to seamlessly replace conventional padding. (Image courtesy of Brigham Young University.)
The smartfoam is designed to seamlessly replace conventional padding. (Image courtesy of Brigham Young University.)
Most football fans have seen players get hit so hard they can barely walk back to the sideline. All too often, those players are back on the field just a few plays later, despite suffering what appears to be a head injury. While football-related concussions have been a hot topic in recent years, people have struggled to create technology to accurately measure them in real time.

Enter Brigham Young University mechanical engineering Ph.D. student, Jake Merrell, and a team of researchers across three BYU departments. Merrell his colleagues have developed and tested a nano composite smartfoam that can be placed inside a football helmet (or pads) to more accurately test the impact and power of hits.

The foam measures the impact of a hit via electrical signals. The data is collected in real time and sent wirelessly to the tablet or device of a coach or trainer on the sidelines. A coach can know within seconds how hard a player has been hit and whether or not they should be concerned about a concussion.

"The standard measurement systems on the market today directly measure the acceleration, but just measuring the acceleration is not enough and can even be erroneous," Merrell said. "Our XOnano smartfoam sensors measure much more than just acceleration, which we see as a vital key to better diagnose head injuries."

The foam, which replaces the standard helmet foam, measures a composite of acceleration, impact energy and impact velocity to determine impact severity and location of impact, all with 90 percent accuracy, according to research published by Merrell in the Annals of Biomedical Engineering. To date, no one—not even the NFL—has been able to successfully measure the impact energy and velocity of a collision, two data points necessary to accurately measure whether a player is at risk of a concussion or not.

Football shoulder pads with smartfoam. (Image courtesy of Brigham Young University.)
Football shoulder pads with smartfoam. (Image courtesy of Brigham Young University.)
Here's how the smartfoam works:

When the foam is compressed, nickel nano-particles rub against the foam, creating static electric charge, similar to when you rub a balloon against your hair. That charge is then collected through a conductive electrode in the foam, measured by a microcomputer and transmitted to a computer or smart device. A hard hit spikes the voltage, while small impacts result in a reduced spike in voltage.

Merrell is excited for the future of his smart foam technology as companies incorporate it into their products. Merrell has also created shoulder pads with the impact sensing technology, and a company producing taekwondo vests has also started using the smartfoam to score fights and train athletes.

For another example of how engineers are working to make sports safer, learn how a small start up is Reducing Sports-Related Concussions One Tackle at a Time.

Source: Brigham Young University

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